Wine Index

Napa Valley,Sonoma, San Francisco North Bay, Ca. , California, USA, Angwin, St Helena, Calistoga, Yountville, Napa, Sonoma, Oakville, Rutherford, California, County Wineries St. Helena California Page 2
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Winemaking, or vinification, is the process of wine production, from the selection of grapes to the bottling of finished wine. Wine production can be generally classified into two categories: Still wine production and sparkling wine production.

After the harvest, the grapes are crushed and allowed to ferment. Red wine is made from the must (pulp) of red or black grapes that undergo fermentation together with the grape skins, while white wine is usually made by fermenting juice pressed from white grapes, but can also be made from must extracted from red grapes with minimal contact with the grapes' skins. Rosť wines are made from red grapes where the juice is allowed to stay in contact with the dark skins long enough to pick up a pinkish color, but little of the tannins contained in the skins.

During this primary fermentation, which often takes between one and two weeks, yeast converts most of the sugars in the grape juice into ethanol (alcohol). After the primary fermentation, the liquid is transferred to vessels for the secondary fermentation. Here, the remaining sugars are slowly converted into alcohol and the wine becomes clear. Some wine is then allowed to age in oak barrels before bottling, which add extra aromas to the wine, while others are bottled directly. The time from harvest to drinking can vary from a few months for Beaujolais nouveau wines to over twenty years for top wines. However, only about 10% of all red and 5% of white wine will taste better after 5 years, compared to after one year. Depending on the quality of grapes and the target wine style, some of these steps may be combined or omitted to achieve the particular goals of the winemaker. Many wines of comparable quality are produced using similar but distinctly different approaches to their production; quality is dictated by the attributes of the starting material and not necessarily the steps taken during vinification.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Corison Wines  - Open  10am - 5pm by appointment
987 St Helena Hwy, St Helena Ca
94574  707 963-0826
Corthey Louis Winery
996 Galleron Rd, St Helena, Ca 94574
707 963-2384
Craig Robert Wine Cellars  707 963-3735
David Arthur Vineyards
1519 Sage Canyon Rd.
St Helena, Ca. 94574 
707
963-5190 email Fax: (707) 963-3711
Domaine Charbay Winery & Distillery
4001 Spring Mountain Rd.,
St Helena, Ca. 94574 
707
963 - 9327 email
Hours Daily
- Open  11am - 4pm by appointment
Duckhorn Vineyards
1000 Lodi Lane ,
St Helena, Ca. 94574  707 963 - 7108
Hours Daily 10:00 Am - 4:00 PM
Edgewood Estate
401 S. St. Helena Hwy, St Helena, Ca. 94574  707 963-7293
Ehlers Grove Winery
3222 Ehlers Lane , St Helena, CA 94574
707 963-3200 email
Hours Daily 11:00 Am - 5:00 PM 
El Molino Winery
PO Box 306, St. Helena, CA 94574
707 963-3632 email 
Flora Springs Winery
1978 W Zinfandel Lane, St Helena Ca 94547 707 963-5711 email Tasting room Hours Daily 10:00 Am - 5:00 PM  Picnic Tables
Folie a Deux
3070 North St. Helena Hwy., St. Helena, CA 94574
707 963-1160 email 
Hours Daily 10:00 Am - 5:00 PM
Franciscan Estates
1178 Galleron Road, St. Helena, CA 94574
707 963-7111  email
Hours Daily 10:00 Am - 5:00 PM
Freemark Abby
3022 North St. Helena Hwy., St. Helena, CA 94575 707 963-0554 email 800-963-9698 
Hours Daily 10:00 Am - 6:00 PM  Winter 10-5
Frog's Leap Winery
St Helena, Ca. 94574  707 963-4704 email 800-959-4704
Golden State Vintners
401 Saint Helena Hwy S,
St Helena, Ca. 94574  707 963-7293
Grace Family Vineyards
1210 Rockland Dr, St Helena, CA. 94574 707 963-0808
Grandview Cellars
1328 Main St, St Helena, CA. 94574 707 967-9480
Green & Red Vineyard
3208 Chiles Pope Valley Rd, St Helena, Ca. 94574 
707 965-2346
Howell Mountain Vineyard
PO Box 521, St. Helena, CA 94574
707 963-9676 email Fax: (707) 963-3920

Joseph Phelps Vineyards
200 TAPLIN RD, ST HELENA, CA 94574
707 963-2745 Fax: 707-963-4831 Email:

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